Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology



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Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective

Reshma Gopal Kini, Hemangini Choudhury.

Abstract
Objectives: Hansensís disease follows a chronic course and though curable causes considerable degree of disability and deformity. Key to managing leprosy is itís early diagnosis and treatment with multidrug regimen. Histopathological evaluation of skin biopsies play crucial role in the correct diagnosis of clinically ambiguous cases. Moreover classifying lesions by the Ridley-Jopling(RJ) system gives personalized information about the immulogical status of the individual and also aids in placing the patient in the correct treatment category. Materials and methods: Skin biopsies obtained from newly diagnosed cases of leprosy were included. Paraffin embedded sections stained with hematoxylin- eosin and Fite-Farracco were evaluated for features confirming leprosy and further categorized as per the RJ system. Sensitivity, specificity and concordance rates were looked for. Results: A total of 93 cases were studied after excluding those which had a component of reaction. Among the clinically suspected cases 93% of the biopsies were positive for leprosy. Sensitivity of clinical diagnosis ranged from 60% for borderline(BB) to 100% for histioid leprosy. Specificity ranged from 84.5% for borderline tuberculoid (BT) to 100% for neuritic leprosy. The agreement between histopathological and clinical diagnosis was more than 90% in all the subclasses except for BT which showed agreement in about 82% of the cases. Two of the cases were recategorized into multibacillary type of leprosy based histopathological evaluation. Conclusion: Confirmation of leprosy by examination of skin biopsy before starting the patient on long term multidrug therapy is invaluable. Experience of the leprologists and adherence to histopathological criteria as per the Ridley Jopling classification yield excellent concordance rates.

Key words: Key Words: Leprosy, Histopathology, Ridley-Jopling Classification


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kini RG, Choudhury H. Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective. J Interdiscipl Histopathol. 2017; 5(2): 48-54. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



Web Style

Kini RG, Choudhury H. Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective. www.scopemed.org/?mno=236347 [Access: August 24, 2017]. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kini RG, Choudhury H. Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective. J Interdiscipl Histopathol. 2017; 5(2): 48-54. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kini RG, Choudhury H. Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective. J Interdiscipl Histopathol. (2017), [cited August 24, 2017]; 5(2): 48-54. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



Harvard Style

Kini, R. G. & Choudhury, H. (2017) Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective. J Interdiscipl Histopathol, 5 (2), 48-54. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



Turabian Style

Kini, Reshma Gopal, and Hemangini Choudhury. 2017. Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective. Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology, 5 (2), 48-54. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



Chicago Style

Kini, Reshma Gopal, and Hemangini Choudhury. "Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective." Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology 5 (2017), 48-54. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kini, Reshma Gopal, and Hemangini Choudhury. "Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective." Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology 5.2 (2017), 48-54. Print. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kini, R. G. & Choudhury, H. (2017) Clinico-pathological Correlation in Diagnosis of Hansen's Disease: A Histopathologist's Perspective. Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology, 5 (2), 48-54. doi:10.5455/jihp.20161208123939